The bike will not go on general sale, instead the firm will select customers from the US to ride it and provide feedback
The bike - dubbed Project LiveWire - will travel down the US's Route 66 visiting more than 30 Harley-Davidson dealerships between now and the end of the year.
Fans had a mixed reaction to the bike.
"Project LiveWire is more like the first electric guitar - not an electric car," said Mark-Hans Richer, senior vice president at Harley-Davidson Motor Company.
"It's an expression of individuality and iconic style that just happens to be electric. Project LiveWire is a bold statement for us as a company and a brand."
Initial feedback from the Harley-Davidson Riders Club of Great Britain suggested a degree of cynicism.
Dave Scott said: "It looks OK but I'd need a real engine in it."
Another member, nicknamed Dazzlin, asked how safe it would be: "For an electric bike it has a good look, but I can't help think a silent bike is a recipe for disaster on our ever increasingly busy roads".
In a teaser video released by the firm a motorcycle is seen driving down Route 66 almost without noise.